The break-up of the Weimar Republic, the dictatorship of the National Socialists and the Shoah. All over the republic, and in Bavaria too, memorials tell of the German 20th-century past. Exhibitions, documentation centres and special guided tours provide insights into the history of the Second World War and keep alive that which ought never to be forgotten. Here is an overview of the principal historical memorials that can be visited in Bavaria.
The concentration camp memorial at Dachau
In the years between 1933 and 1945, thousands of detainees were imprisoned at the Dachau concentration camp. Many of them were murdered or died of exhaustion. Since 1965, this former detainee camp 28 kilometres outside Munich has been a memorial site and place of remembrance which documents the persecution of the Jews and other political opponents and the liberation of the camp. Guided tours of the former camp are provided for individuals and groups.
NS documentation centre in Munich
Heavy with symbolism, the NS documentation centre on the site of the 'Brown House' stands where the National Socialist German Workers' Party (NSDAP) had its headquarters in Munich. This permanent exhibition examines the causes of the NSDAP's ability to gain strength in the way it did, and it looks at life during the NS dictatorship and at the impacts that National Socialism still continues to have to this very day: at the documentation centre, concerning oneself with the past also always means taking a look into the future.
DenkStätte Weisse Rose
In the atrium of the Ludwig Maximilian University in Munich, at the place where the Scholl siblings distributed White Rose leaflets on 18 February 1943, there are plaques today in memory of the students who were executed. The interactive permanent exhibition 'The White Rose. Resistance against the NS Dictatorship' narrates nine episodes from the lives of Sophie Scholl, her brother and the other members of the group.
Memorium Nuremberg Trials
Between 1945 and 1946, in the Nuremberg Palace of Justice, high-ranking representatives of the NS regime had to answer for their deeds and war crimes before an international military court. Today, on a guided tour, your customers can visit Courtroom 600, in which the hearings were held, and other areas of the Nuremberg courthouse. Lectures, and events such as plays and educational amenities for groups, provide additional insights into the Nuremberg trials and subsequent proceedings.
Memorium Nuremberg Trials
Phone: +49 911 231 - 28614
Documentation centre of the Nazi Party rally grounds
With pictures, photos, film clips, documents and text panels, the documentation centre provides insights into the history of Nuremberg where, as from 1933, large buildings were erected in which the National Socialists held their party congresses between that year and 1938. As well as the political meetings, which were broadcast throughout the Reich using new media such as radio, the documentation centre examines the history of the Weimar Republic and that of the Second World War. Via the Congress and Tourism Centre Nuremberg, your customers can book tours entitled 'Verpflichtende Vergangenheit', a title intended to mean that we are under a moral obligation to remain aware of the past, on which the Nazi Party rally grounds can be explored with a guide – on foot, by bicycle or as part of a bus tour.
Documentation Centre at the Nazi Party Rally Grounds
Phone: +49 911 231 - 7538
Since 1999, the Documentation Obersalzberg has been a place of learning and remembrance. It reminds us of the history of this place which was declared the Führer's autonomous area and, from 1933 onwards, made the second seat of the government after Berlin. Many acts of the holocaust, for example, were planned in Obersalzberg. The Kehlsteinhaus, better known as the “Eagle's Nest”, is at an altitude of almost 2000 metres. The building, used by Hitler and NS functionaries as a 'teahouse', is now a mountain restaurant. The small exhibition in its interior is an admonitory reminder of the NS period.